This manual was compiled by the Social Service Committee of the Urban Aboriginal Community Strategy Network. It was developed to support the foster and adoptive parents of Aboriginal children. The need for this manual became evident when meeting with foster/adoptive parents and youth protection professionals. Many of these individuals were not aware of the spectrum of culturally relevant services available to urban Aboriginals or of the distinct traditions of each Aboriginal nation. Aboriginal children in care are entitled to services that respect their diverse cultural heritage. It is our hope that the practical information and cultural insights contained in this document will facilitate and strengthen the bond between child and caregiver.